Archive for January, 2013

umassdining.com writes…

(On the left is endomycorrhizal; the right: ectomycorrhizal)

(On the left is endomycorrhizal; the right: ectomycorrhizal)

“If you have any interest in gardening or farming, there is another player in addition to the plants and soil that you should know about: mycorrhizal fungi. This type of fungus forms a symbiotic relationship with approximately 90% of plants! The fungi colonize the roots of the plant and then extend their hyphae far into the soil, bringing nutrients and water that would otherwise be out of reach to its host. In return, the plant provides the fungus with carbohydrates.

There are two types of mycorrhizal fungi. Shown in the picture below, endomycorrhizal fungi associate with many agricultural crops and ectomycorrhizal fungi mostly associate with trees. Endomycorrhizal fungi penetrate the plant roots cells, while ectomycorrhizal form a layer around the root. Ectomycorrhizal are classified by producing mushrooms above ground, which endomycorrhizal do not do. Some popular edible mushrooms, such as chanterelles and truffles, are ectomycorrhizal. The entire underground structure of the fungus is called the hyphal network….”

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Permaculture Flower


Explore this wonderful Permaculture flower – Pattern Language on the Prezi website.

Also other Permaculture works can be found here.



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permaculturetools.wikispaces writes…

“Free access to information is critical in this time. To develope and practice the Ethics of Permaculture we must leave behind the paradigm of profit and embrace the new paradigm of open-source. Living in fear of not having enough is not practicing Permaculture. Yes, we must obtain a yield, but first we must define our values¬†and priorities. I encourage all Permaculture instructors and organizations to begin this transition.”


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